Dr Mark Lopez
The Origins of Multiculturalism in Australian Politics
1945-1975, and the Role of the Left.
This paper briefly traces the evolution of the ideology of multiculturalism
through its three early formative phases: anti-assimilationism
(mid-1950s to mid-1960s); proto-multiculturalism (mid-1960s to
1972); multiculturalism (April 1972 to October 1975). It then
outlines the four original models: ethnic structural pluralism;
cultural pluralism; welfare multiculturalism; ethnic rights multiculturalism,
while noting the cross fertilisation of ideas and substreams
evident in several versions.
This paper then explores the emergence of the rivalries and
disputes within multiculturalism, between the supporters of different
versions. The paper notes that all versions are legitimate and
none of them can be dismissed as not the true version. Policies
from each of them have been implemented, but the most successful
traditions have been cultural pluralism and ethnic rights multiculturalism,
with cultural pluralism edging ahead to become the principal
contender for becoming the mainstream version before 1976, a
lead it never lost. This paper explores the reasons for the early
success of cultural pluralism, while noting the contributions
of the more radical left-wing ethnic rights multiculturalists
to the overall success of multiculturalism in becoming the basis
of ethnic affairs policy.
Dr Mark Lopez gained his Phd at Monash University in 1997. He
a factory hand, a labourer, a storeman, a dishwasher, a nightclub
DJ and a university tutor, and currently runs a private tutoring
business called competitive advantage.
30 min paper